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Fact About Birds
There are an estimated 10,000 species of birds in the world. Despite the wide varieties in size, color, and habitat, birds share the following common characteristics:
- hollow bones
- lay eggs
Did you notice something missing from that list? Not all birds can fly! Penguins, kiwis, and ostriches can't fly.
Flightless birds are only one type of bird, though. Others (and some examples) include:
- Songbirds - robins, mockingbirds, and Orioles
- Birds of prey - hawks, eagles, and owls
- Waterfowl - ducks, geese, and swans
- Seabirds - gulls and pelicans
- Game birds - turkeys, pheasants, and quail
There are 30 basic bird groups.
Birds have different types of beaks, depending on what they eat. Some birds have short, strong beaks for breaking open seeds. Others have long, thin beaks for plucking leaves off trees.
Pelicans have a pouch-like beak for scooping prey out of the water. Birds of prey have hooked beaks for tearing their prey.
Birds range in size from the tiny bee hummingbird, which is only about 2.5 inches long, to the huge ostrich, which can grow to over 9 feet tall!
Why Are Birds Important?
Birds are important to humans for many reasons. People eat the meat of birds and their eggs. (Chickens are the most common bird in the world.)
Birds such as falcons and hawks have been used for hunting throughout history. Pigeons can be trained to carry messages and were used to do so in World War I and World War II.
Feathers are used for decoration, clothing, bedding, and writing (quill pens).
Birds such as martins are helpful for controlling the insect population. Other birds, like parrots and parakeets, are kept as pets.
These study of birds is called ornithology. Birds are among the easiest of creatures to study because, with just a bit of effort, you can attract many varieties to your own backyard. If you provide food, shelter, and water, you'll be well on your way to becoming a backyard birdwatcher.
Use this free set of bird printables to supplement a study you're already doing with your students or as a starting point to studying birds.01of 10
Birds Vocabulary Sheet
Print the Birds Vocabulary Sheet
Introduce your students to the study of birds with this bird vocabulary sheet. Children can do a bit of research on the Internet to discover facts such as the fastest bird or the longest living. Then, they should correctly match each its definition or description.02of 10
Birds Word Search
Print the Birds Word Search
Let your students review the terms from the vocabulary sheet by finding each in the word search puzzle. Do your students remember the difference between down feathers and flight feathers?03of 10
Birds Crossword Puzzle
Print the Birds Crossword Puzzle
Crossword puzzles make a fun review activity. Students will use the puzzle clues to correctly complete the puzzle. Each clue describes one of the bird-related words from the word bank.04of 10
Print the Birds Challenge
See how much your students remember about birds with this challenge worksheet. Students should select the correct answer from the four multiple-choice options.
Birds Alphabet Activity
Print the Birds Alphabet Activity
Young students can review bird-related terms while practicing their, ordering, thinking, and alphabetizing skills. Students should write each word in correct alphabetical order on the blank lines provided.06of 10
For the Birds Tic-Tac-Toe
Print For the Birds Tic-Tac-Toe page
Young students can practice strategy, critical thinking, and fine motor skills with this bird-themed tic-tac-toe game. First, they should separate the playing pieces from the game board by cutting along the dotted line. Then, they will cut the individual pieces apart.07of 10
Hawk Coloring Page
Print the Hawk Coloring Page
Hawks are one of the most common birds of prey. There are about 20 different types of hawks. These birds are carnivores that eat small animals such as mice, rabbits, or snakes. Hawks typically live 20-30 years, and they mate for life.08of 10
Owls Coloring Page
Print the Owls Coloring Page
Owls are nocturnal predators that swallow their food whole. They regurgitate that parts they can't digest, such as the fur and bones, in what's called an owl pellet.
There are about 200 different types of owls that range from the tiny elf owl, which is about 5 inches long, to the great grey owl, which can grow up to 33 inches long.09of 10
Birds Theme Paper
Print the Birds Theme Paper
Students can use this bird theme paper to write a story, poem or essay about birds.10of 10
Print the Birdhouse Puzzle
Add some extra fun to your bird study with this simple puzzle for young children. Let them practice with scissors by cutting out the pieces along the white lines, then they can have fun completing the puzzle!
For best results, print on card stock.
Updated by Kris Bales